Fishery Performance Indicator Studies in Grenada and Dominican Republic

The IGFA is midway through year two of the Caribbean Billfish Project (CBP) where Fishery Performance Indicator (FPI) studies took place in Grenada and the Dominican Republic.

The Caribbean Billfish Project is a 1.95 million USD project component of the GEF-funded, World Bank implemented, Ocean Partnership for Sustainable Fisheries and Biodiversity Conservation Models for Innovation and Reform. The FPI studies outlined below were commissioned by Conservation International.

School of Menhaden
Grenada; Photo Credit: Freddy Arocha

The goal of the CBP is to design and implement policies that reduce billfish harvests while enhancing social and economic opportunities in the Caribbean. In order to enahce the project's triple-bottom-line (ecological, social, and financial) objectives, data needs to be collected to establish baselines and determine possible next steps.To that end, researchers developed the Fishery Performance Indicator (FPI), a tool used to rapidly asses the factors that enable fishery management to support TBL outcomes. Therefore, Gentner Consulting Group (GCG) assembed a team to conduct FPI studies in Grenada and the Dominican Republic, the two countries chosen as pilots in the CB.


GCG's team visited both countries and, working alongside fishery ministry representatives, interviewed fishermen, seafood dealers, processors, marine owners, and other workers in the commercial and recreational supply chains. The fisheries that target billfish are different in each country, but share similar characteristics. In Grenada, the fishery is divided into a very small recreational sector, a small to medium scale tuna longline (LL) fishery that targets high quality yellowfin tuna for export, and a fish aggregating device (FAD) fishery that targets dolphinfish, mackerel, wahoo, and sailfish using drop lines and live baits. All of the billfish harvested in Grenada stays in Grenada for local consumption, but is generally not preferred by Grenadians. For the most part, billfish are not the target species in either the LL fishery or the FAD fishery, but their catch can be seasonally important.

GCG Interviewing Grenadians
GCG interviewing Grenadians; Photo credit: Freddy Arocha
GCG interviewing local DR
GCG interviewing local Dominican Republican fishermen; Photo credit: Brad Gentner

In the Dominican Republic, there is a large recreational sector and a large artisinal/small scale fishery that uses small, single outboard open boats to troll around FADs for dolphin, king mackerel, wahoo, and small jacks and tunas for drop line bait. There are a large number of commercial boats in this fishery and the number of FADs in use is very high. The fleet actively targets billfish of all sorts using live baits on drop lines and, in some regions, aggressively targest sailfish seasonally. 

Look for a more detailed report including FPI scores in the coming months. This tool will allow a rapid evaluation of the factors that create and support TBL outcomes. Each pilot country is evaluated with respect to inputs to and the outputs from each fishery evaluated identify country strengths and opportunites. This analysis will be used to inform the pilot project and the business cases that follow. 


Tarpon and Menhaden
Grenada; Photo credit: Freddy Arocha


Tarpon and Menhaden
Fish market, Dominican Republic; Photo credit: Brad Gentner